The National Bureau of Statistics just reported that the consumer price index, (CPI) which measures inflation increased to 18.17% (year-on-year) in March 2021. This is 82 basis points higher than the rate recorded in February 2021 (17.33%).
The percentage change in the average composite CPI for the twelve months period ending March 2021 over the average of the CPI for the previous twelve months period was 14.55%, representing a 0.50 percentage point increase over 14.05% recorded in February 2021.
Food Index Rose to 22.95%
Food index rose to 22.95% in March 2021. The average annual rate of change of the Food sub-index for the twelve-month period ending March 2021 over the previous twelve-month average was 17.93 percent, 0.68 percent points from the average annual rate of change recorded in February 2021 (17.25%). This rise in the food index was caused by increases in prices of Bread and cereals, Potatoes, Yam and other tubers, Meat, Fruits, Vegetable, Fish and Oils and Fats. On a month-on-month basis, the food sub-index increased to 1.90% in March 2021, up by 0.01 percent points from 1.89% recorded in February 2021.
Core Index stood at 12.67%
Price movements recorded by the Core index stood at 12.67% (year -on-year) in March 2021, up by 29 basis points as against 12.38% recorded in February 2021. The highest increases were recorded in prices of Passenger transport by air, Hospital services, Passenger transport by road, Pharmaceutical products, Paramedical services, Vehicle spare parts, Dental Services, Motor cars, Maintenance and repair of personal transport equipment and Hairdressing saloons and personal grooming establishment.
Urban Index increased to 18.76%
The Urban index increased to 18.76% (year-on-year) in March 2021 compared to 17.92% recorded in February 2021, while the Rural index increased to 17.60% (year -on-year) in March 2021 as against 16.77% in February 2021. On a month-on-month basis, the urban index rose to 1.60% in March 2021, up by 0.02 percent compared to the rate recorded in February 2021, while the rural index also rose to 1.52% in March 2021, up by 0.02 percent above the rate that was recorded in February 2021 (1.50%).